- Install WordPress on Ubuntu: tutorial. Preparation; Installation and configuration; Ubuntu is a software operating system, which is Debian based. It’s open and completely free. Every six months it’s released, while its support for long term is released every two years. There are three crucial editions of this system: Server, Desktop, Core.
- In this article, we will focus on how to install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04. WordPress is a free and open-source content management platform based on PHP and MySQL. It’s the world’s leading blogging and content management system with a market share of over 60%, dwarfing its rivals such as Joomla and Drupal.
- Wordpress Ubuntu
- Wordpress Ubuntu 16.04
- Wordpress Ubuntu 18.04
- Wordpress Ubuntu Permissions
- Wordpress Ubuntu 19.10
This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 20.04 with Nginx HTTP Server and Let’s Encrypt wildcard SSL Certificates.
WordPress, a free and open source content management system that is installed on more servers than any other CMS, is easy to install and manage.
WordPress is a powerful, free and open-source, highly pluggable and customizable CMS that is being used by millions around the world to run blogs and fully functional websites. In this tutorial, we install and configure the latest WordPress using run single shell script on Ubuntu LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP, PhpMyAdmin) stack. How To Install WordPress Desktop App on Ubuntu 21.04 Wordpress.com Desktop WordPress App Linux WordPress.com Desktop clientA desktop app that gives WordP.
When you’re looking for a CMS to run your content online, WordPress should probably be a starting point for you. And if you want to learn how to easily install and mange it, then this post is all you need.
For more about WordPress, please check their Homepage
To get started with installing WordPress, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server
WordPress requires a web server to function, and Nginx is one of the most popular opensource web server available today.
To install Nginx on Ubuntu, run the commands below:
After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.
To test whether Nginx is installed and functioning, open your web browser and browse to the server’s IP address or hostname.
If you see the above page in your browser, then Nginx is working as expected.
Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server
You’ll also need a database server to run WordPress. A database server is where WordPress content get stored.
A true open source database server that you can use with WordPress is MariaDB database server. It is fast, secure and the default server for almost all Linux servers.
To install MariaDB, run the commands below:
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client
After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.
Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation.
When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.
- Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
- Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
- New password: Enter password
- Re-enter new password: Repeat password
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]: Y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]: Y
To verify and validate that MariaDB is installed and working, login to the database console using the commands below:
sudo mysql -u root -p
type the root password when prompted.
If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed.
Step 3: Install PHP 7.4 and Related Modules
WordPress is a PHP based application, and PHP is required to run it. Since some versions of Ubuntu don’t have the latest version of PHP, you can add a third-party PPA repository to install PHP from there.
The command below will add a third-party PPA to Ubuntu.
Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.4
sudo apt update
Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.4 and related modules.
sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-mysql php7.4-gmp php7.4-curl php7.4-intl php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-gd php7.4-xml php7.4-cli php7.4-zip
After installing PHP 7.4, go and configure some basic settings that may be required for WordPress to function properly.
Run the commands below to open PHP
Below are good settings to configure for most WordPress websites.
That should get PHP 7.4 installed with some basic settings to allow WordPress to function.
Step 4: Create WordPress Database
When all the servers installed above, it’s now time to begin setting up WordPress environment. First, run the steps below to create a blank database for WordPress to use.
Logon to MariaDB database console using the commands below:
Install mac os x snow leopard on virtualbox.
sudo mysql -u root -p
Then create a database called wpdb
CREATE DATABASE wpdb;
Next, create a database user called wpdbuser and set password
CREATE USER 'wpdbuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
Then grant the user full access to the database.
GRANT ALL ON wpdb.* TO 'wpdbuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;
Finally, save your changes and exit.
Step 5: Download WordPress
At this point, WordPress is ready to be downloaded and installed. Use the commands below to download the latest version of WordPress.
Then run command below to allow www-data user to own the WordPress directory.
Step 6: Configure Nginx
Below is where you configure Nginx VirtualHost file for the WordPress site you’re creating. This file defines how client requests are handled and processed.
Run the commands below to create a new VirtualHost file called wordpress in the /etc/nginx/sites-available/ directory.
sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress
A very good configuration settings for most WordPress site on Nginx server is below. This configuration should work great.
Copy the content below and save into the file created above.
Save the file and exit.
After saving the file above, run the commands below to enable the new site, then restart Nginx server.
At this stage, WordPress is ready and can be launched by going to the server’s IP or hostname.
However, if you want to enable SSL or accept web traffic over HTTPS, then you can continue below to install and configure Let’s Encrypt free SSL certificates.
Step 7: Install Let’s Encrypt Wildcard Certificates
At step 6, WordPress is ready to use without SSL. However, if you want to serve web traffic over HTTPS, then installing and configuring Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate or other public certificates is a must.
To install Let’s Encrypt, run the commands below.
The commands above will install certbot tool and all dependencies that will be allowed to make the tool function.
Let’s Encrypt provides many ways to challenge you to validate that you own the domain you want to provide SSL certificates for. You will not be able to generate certificates if you can’t prove that you own the domain you want to secure.
For wildcard certificates, the only challenge method Let’s Encrypt accepts is the DNS challenge, which we can invoke via the preferred-challenges=dns flag.
So, to generate a wildcard cert for domain *.example.com, you run the commands below:
sudo certbot certonly --manual --preferred-challenges=dns --email [email protected] --server https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory --agree-tos -d example.com -d *.example.com
The command options above are explained below:
- certonly: Obtain or renew a certificate, but do not install
- –manual: Obtain certificates interactively
- –preferred-challenges=dns: Use dns to authenticate domain ownership
- –server: Specify the endpoint to use to generate
- –agree-tos: Agree to the ACME server’s subscriber terms
- -d: Domain name to provide certificates for
After executing the command above, Let’s Encrypt will provide a text string to add a text record to your DNS entry…
Go to your DNS provider portal and add a text record for the string above and save…
Wait a few mins before continuing from the prompt.
Some DNS providers take a wile to propagate changes so it may depend on your provider’s platform.
After the changes above and Let’s encrypt is able to validate that you own the domain, you should see a successful message as below:
The wildcard certificate is now generated and ready to be used.
To verify that the certificate is ready, run the commands below:
sudo certbot certificates
That should display similar screen as below:
Now, Let’s Encrypt’s certificates are valid for 90 days… You’ll want to setup a crob job to automate the renewal process… To do that, open crontab and add the entry below:
sudo crontab -e
Then add the line below and save…
0 1 * * * /usr/bin/certbot renew >> /var/log/letsencrypt/renew.log
Save and you’re done!
With Let’s Encrypt installed, reopen Nginx VirtualHost file created above and add Let’s Encrypt configurations to secure your website.
Run the commands below open the file.
sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress
Then add the highlighted lines to the VirtualHost file as shown below:
After the above, restart Nginx and PHP 7.4-FPM
Next, open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see WordPress setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.
Then follow the on-screen instructions… Select the installation language then click Continue
You will need to know the following items before proceeding…. Use the database connection info you created above….
- Database name
- Database username
- Database password
- Database host
- Table prefix (if you want to run more than one WordPress in a single database)
The wizard will use the database information to create a wp-config.php file in WordPress root folder….
If for any reason this automatic file creation doesn’t work, don’t worry… All this does is fill in the database information to a configuration file. You may also simply open wp-config-sample.php in a text editor, fill in your information, and save it as wp-config.php.
Next, type in the database connection info and click Submit
Wordpress Ubuntu 16.04
After that, click Run the installation button to have WordPress complete the setup…
Wordpress Ubuntu 18.04
Next, create the WordPress site name and the backend admin account…. then click Install WordPress
Wordpress Ubuntu Permissions
When you’re done, WordPress should be installed and ready to use…
Wordpress Ubuntu 19.10
Congratulation! You have successfully installed WordPress CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 20.04. If you find any error above, please use the comment form below to report it.
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