Tofukuji

  1. Tofukuji Map
  2. Tofukuji Wayne T Dds - Wayne Tofukuji Dds
Tōfuku-ji
東福寺
Religion
AffiliationTōfuku-ji Rinzai, Fuke
DeityShaka Nyorai (Śākyamuni)
StatusHead temple, Five Mountain Temple (Kyoto)
Location
Location15-Chōme 778 Honmachi, Higashiyama-ku, Kyōto, Kyoto Prefecture
CountryJapan
Geographic coordinates34°58′37.38″N135°46′26.74″E / 34.9770500°N 135.7740944°ECoordinates: 34°58′37.38″N135°46′26.74″E / 34.9770500°N 135.7740944°E
Architecture
FounderEnni Ben'en and Kujō Michiie
Completed1236
Website
http://www.tofukuji.jp/

Tōfuku-ji (東福寺) is a Buddhisttemple in Higashiyama-ku in Kyoto, Japan. Tōfuku-ji takes its name from two temples in Nara, Tōdai-ji and Kōfuku-ji.[1] It is one of the so-called Kyoto Gozan or 'five great Zen temples of Kyoto'. Its honorary sangō prefix is Enichi-san (慧日山).

History[edit]

Tōfuku-ji was founded in 1236 by the imperial chancellorKujō Michiie.[2] He appointed the monk Enni as founding priest, who had studied RinzaiZen Buddhism in China under the monk Wuzhun Shifan. The temple was burned but rebuilt in the 15th century according to original plans. Tofuku-ji was one of the five temples of the Five Mountain System.

Abbots[edit]

Like Kodaiji, Tofukuji belongs to the Rinzai Zen Buddhist sect. Stemming from an ambitious idea, it had to be the largest temple in Japan, based on two Nara temples, Todaiji with a huge Buddha and Kofukuji with a tall pagoda. It did however suffer ill fortune, as it was the victim of two fires in 1319 and 1334 and was destroyed in 1881. Tofukuji Temple is one of Kyoto’s oldest and most famous temples, and very easy to get to as it is just one stop away from Kyoto Station on the JR Nara Line.

In 1486 Ryōan Keigo became the 171st abbot of Tōfuku-ji. At the end of the 16th century Ankokuji Ekei was appointed abbot. From 1980 to 2009 Tōfuku-ji has been led by head abbot Keidō Fukushima.[3]

Tofukuji Map

Architecture[edit]

The main gate

Tōfuku-ji's main gate is the oldest sanmon in Japan. It is a National Treasure of Japan. It is two stories high and five bays wide. The central three bays are doors.

Currently, the Tōfuku-ji complex includes 24 sub-temples, though in the past the number has been as high as 53.

Artwork[edit]

Tōfuku-ji's large nehan-zu painting depicts Buddha on his death bed. This massive image (7 x 14 meters) is the second largest in Japan. The image at nearby Sennyū-ji is the largest of its kind in Japan, measuring 8 x 16 meters. Both images are rarely displayed, most recently in 2003 for three days only.[4]

A 1238 portrait painting of Wuzhun Shifan along with an inscription by an anonymous author was brought to the temple by Enni in the 1240s and remains there today. Plaques of Wuzhun's calligraphy is also kept at Tōfuku-ji.

In 1933 the Nihonga painter Inshō Dōmoto painted the large and vivid 'Blue Dragon' ceiling painting for one of the halls, which he painted in 17 days.[5]

Garden[edit]

The moss garden

There are a number of gardens in the various precincts of Tōfuku-ji.The current garden was designed by landscape architect Mirei Shigemori in the 1930s. The moss garden in particular has been emblematic of the renewal of Japanese gardening principles in the 20th Century.

The temple features a large number of Japanese maple trees, and is most crowded during the autumn season when people flock to see the autumn foliage. It is a tradition to view the leaves from the Tsūten-kyō bridge.

Images[edit]

  • Main gate, side view

  • View from interior

  • Scenic drawing of Tsūten-kyō bridge, by Hiroshige

  • Tsūten-kyō bridge during autumn

  • Tsūten-kyō

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  • Dry Zen garden at Reiun-in

  • Garden at Kaizandō

  • Garden at Ryoginan-tōtei

  • Torii gates leading to steps

  • Steps

  • Main hall

  • Maple trees in autumn foliage around Tsūten-kyō

  • View of maple trees from Tsūten-kyō

See also[edit]

Tofukuji
  • For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^Japan Reference: Tōfuku-ji
  2. ^Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 152.
  3. ^Harris, Ishwar C. et al. (2004). The Laughing Buddha of Tofukuji: The Life of Zen Master Keidō Fukushima, p. xi.
  4. ^'Kansai: Who -- What: Giant Buddhas shown for three days only,'Japan Times Online. March 9, 2003.
  5. ^http://www.kyoto-magonote.jp/en/zen-2016/zen-2016.html

References[edit]

  • Baroni, Helen Josephine. (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Zen Buddhism. New York: Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN978-0-8239-2240-6; OCLC 42680558
  • Dumoulin, Heinrich. (2005). Zen Buddhism: A History (Vol. II: Japan). Bloomington, Indiana: World Wisdom. ISBN978-0-941532-90-7
  • Fukushima, Keidō and Fumi Dan. (2006). Tōfukuji. Kyoto: Tankōsha. ISBN978-4-473-03353-6; OCLC145752382
  • Harris, Ishwar C. and Jeff Shore. (2004). The Laughing Buddha of Tofukuji: The Life of Zen Master Keidō Fukushima. Bloomington, Indiana: World Wisdom. ISBN978-0-941532-62-4; OCLC 56051074
  • Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869. Kyoto: The Ponsonby Memorial Society.

External links[edit]

  • Kyoto Prefectural Tourism Guide: Tōfuku-ji
  • Joint Council for Japanese Rinzai and Obaku Zen: Tōfuku-ji
  • Buddhist Travel: Tōfuku-ji
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tōfuku-ji.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tōfuku-ji&oldid=1012288982'

Disconnect yourself from the hustle and the bustle of the city at the Zen Tofukuji Temple. While there is no need for you get the Tofukuji Temple tickets and there isn't actually any tickets for Tofukuji Temple, we recommend you to buy tickets for Tofukuji Temple from our tours & tickets section as it includes a local tour guide who will bring in the true essence of the temple with his impeccable in-detailed explanation on the temple history. Tofukuji Temple ticket prices is available for you to check and make sure to book tickets without further adieu.

Tofukuji is a temple of the Zen sect of Buddhism. It was founded in the year 1236 at the behest of the Fujiwara clan. The magnificently large temple gate (called the Sammon Gate) which stands at the entrance is the oldest in Japan and is designated as a National Treasure. There are gardens on the north, south, east and west sides of the temple, each of which was created to have its own atmosphere. The four gardens are collectively known as the Hasso Garden. The main temple enshrines the seated image of the Fudo Myo-o (the Buddha who protects the laws of Buddhism). Several parts of Tofukuji temple’s grounds are free to enter. However, entrance fees apply to the Tsutenkyo Bridge, Kaisando Hall, Hojo and the gardens. Trivia-In autumn, people come from all over the world to see Tofukuji's autumn colours.

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During the time of winter, Tofukuji temple lights up and the Tofukuji temple night illumination looks totally magical like any other.

  • It is an active place of worship. Please maintain the tranquillity of the place.
  • Don’t forget to remove your footwear before entering the premises.
  • It is recommended to wear conservative clothing.
  • Admission ends 30 minutes before closing time.
  • Plan in advance to finalize on the Tofukuji Temple tour dates.
TofukujiTofukuji

Entrance Ticket Details For Tofukuji Temple

  • Tsuten-kyo & Kaisan-do- ¥400
  • Hojo and Hasso Garden- ¥400
  • Tofukuji Station (by train)
  • Tofukuji bus stop (by bus)
  • Takumi restaurant
  • (Kabu) Kyoto Suehiro shokuhin
  • Chikujo so

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